This course aims to examine in depth the subjects of peace studies and conflict resolution. It also strives to expose course participants to historical and contemporary issues of peace studies and conflict resolution, including the emergence of the two subjects. In view of the enormous significance and importance of the need for creating awareness among people for peace, attempts will be made to examine linkage between peace and conflict resolution with particular reference to the role of state, organizations, civil society, media research think tanks.


Origins of peace studies as a separate discipline

Concepts, theories and approaches of peace

The contribution of peace movements and peace groups

The role of State, society and various institutions for strengthening the field of peace studies

Peace studies in international and regional perspectives

Impediments to peace

Non-Violence and Peace

Security and Peace

Linkage between peace studies and conflict resolution

Impediments for establishing the culture of Peace

Peace studies in South Asia

Major issues in peace studies and the challenges ahead


Definitions of Conflict Resolution (CR) and  Conflict Management (CM) Conflict Transformation, Conflict Prevention and Conflict Provention

Types of conflict and their relevance in contemporary era

Basic concepts, approaches  and theories of CR

Roads to CR:  Negotiations, Bargaining, Mediation, Arbitration, Adjudication

CR research, CR simulation exercises, CR workshop

The role of conflict resolution centers and institutes

6.  Case studies of CR

Major players in the resolution of conflict

The process of CR in Pakistan




1. Amstutz, Mark, R.     International Conflict and Cooperation. Madison: Brown & Benchmark, 1995
2. Avruch, Kevin             Culture & Conflict Resolution Washington DC: United States Institute of Peace, 1998
3. Avruch, Kevin.   Conflict Resolution Cross Cultural Perspectives New York: Greenwood Press, 1991
4. Baylis, John,         Contemporary Strategy: Theories and Policies.  London:  Croom Helm, 1976
5. Banks, Michael           Conflict in World Society: a new perspective on international Relations Brighton: Wheatsheaf Books, 1984
6. Bartlett, C.J.                 The Global Conflict 1880 to 1970. London: Longmans, 1984.
7. Bokhari, Imtiaz, H.      Management of Third World Crises In Adverse Partnership Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1998
8. Bright, Brock-Utne,      Education for Peace: A Feminist Perspective. New York: Pergamon Press Inc., 1985
9. Burton, John and          Conflict: Readings in Management and Resolution London: Dukes, Frank. Macmillan, 1990 
10. David P. Barash          Introduction to Peace Studies. Belmon: Wadsworth, 1991
11. Ho-Won Jeong,           Understanding Conflict and Conflict Analysis London: Sage, 2008
12. James, Calleja (ed.),    The Essential of Peace. Msida, Malta: Mireva Publications, 1996 

13. Johan Galtung, Carl G. Jaconson  Searching for Peace. The Road to Transcend London: Pluto Press, 2000.
14. Kliot, N.                        The political geography of conflict and peace London: Belhaven,  1991
15. Krepon, Michael, and Crisis Prevention, Confidence Building, and Reconciliation Sevak, Amit (eds.),  between India and Pakistan Lahore: Vanguard Books (Pvt.) Ltd., 1996
16. Kenneth, E. Boulding  Stable Peace. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1978
17. Lebow, R.N.                  Between Peace and War. The Nature of International Crisis Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981
18. Miall, Hugh,                 Contemporary Conflict Resolution. The prevention, Ramsbotham, Management and transformation of deadly conflicts Woodhouse, Tom Oxford: Polity, 2003
19. Munro, D.                    A World Record of Major Conflict Areas London: Arnold, 1990
20. Rupesinghe, Kumar,  Civil Wars, Civil Peace, An Introduction to Conflict Resolution London: Pluto Press, 1998
20 .Schellenberg, James,  Conflict Resolution. Theory, Research And Practice New York: State University of New York, 1996
21.Waslekar, Sundeep,    A Handbook for Conflict Resolution In South Asia New Delhi: Konark Publishers Pvt. Ltd, 1996
22. Wallensteen, Peter,    Understanding Conflict Resolution, War, Peace and the Global System London: Sage Publications, 2003
23. Webel, Charles, P      Peace and Conflict Studies A Reader  London: Routledge, 2012 (eds.) 

24. And Johnson. Jorgen  Conflict Prevention: Strategies to sustain peace in the post-cold war  world. Report of the Aspen Institute Conference July 30-August 3, 1996
25. Washington: Aspen Institute, 1997  Managing conflict in the post-cold war world: The role of  information.


BIISS Journal (Dhaka)

Current History (Philadelphia)

Conflict Management (New Delhi)

Foreign Affairs, (New York)

IPRI Journal (Islamabad)

Journal of Conflict Resolution (Ann Arbor)

Journal of Peace Research (Oslo)

Peace Perspectives (Mumbai)

Peace Studies (New Delhi)

Word Affairs (New Delhi)